Oxford Roman Economy Project University of Oxford
 
 

Dr Carmela Franco

25-01-2011

Period:
2010 - 2014

Supervisor:
Prof. Andrew Wilson

Thesis:
Sicilian Amphorae (AD I-VI): an economic analysis of production and distribution

 

Project Description

The project aims at analyzing the amphorae produced in Sicily from the Early Imperial Age to the Early Byzantine period. Interest in Sicilian amphorae and their economic importance is a recent phenomenon, previously hampered by the belief that they had only local distribution and by the lack of programmed analyses and excavations.

My research will involve collecting all the available published material concerning commercial amphorae produced locally, as well, importantly, as unpublished data obtained through the Sicily Archaeological Superintendence or universities and research institutes.

The project will outline the micro and macro levels of commercialization of the amphorae, looking at the different relative quantities of each amphora type and consequently the level of production in regions inside and outside Sicily, while considering presences and absences within the more general and homogeneous context of the Mediterranean basin. It will be possible to construct a map of the circulation of Sicilian amphorae, never before attempted, and to establish the preferential channels of trade and the areas in which these classes of materials were distributed. Archaeometrical analysis will be a key part of the research and will help to determine the places of origin of the amphorae, their production, distribution, circulation and consumption patterns.

CV

Carmela Franco graduated cum laude in 2003 at the University of Palermo in Classics. After completing a Master at the University of Bologna (2003-2004) concerning the restoration of archaeological artifacts, she specialized in Classical Archaeology at the Scuola di Specializzazione at the University of Catania (2004-2007). Her thesis was about the reconstruction of transmarine commerce and the understanding of the circulation of imported pottery during the Roman and Byzantine periods as evident from the late Roman settlement of Carabollace along the south-western coast of Sicily. She is currently research assistant for the “Roman Sicily Project”, developed by the Italian CNR, focused on the analysis of economic dynamics in Sicily during the Roman period through the ceramic evidence. She has a similar position in other international projects, as the project led by IBAM-CNR (Director: D. Malfitana) and CNRS (Director: M. Bonifay). Title of the research “Archaeometrical and archaeological problems in the import of Africans ceramic in Roman and Byzantine Sicily. Status questions and methodologies”. She has worked in several excavations in Sicily, in mainland Italy and Tunisia. From 2008 onwards she is involved in the editing of FACTA. A Journal of Roman Material Culture Studies. Her main fields of interest are in Roman material culture, landscape and urban archaeology in Roman Sicily.

Publications

Book:

D. Malfitana, C. Franco (forthcoming): La Sicilia romana. Cultura materiale, territori, economie. L’evidenza ceramica, Catania.

Journal article:

C. Franco (2008), ‘Western Sicily: the transport amphorae evidence’, in D. Malfitana et alii 2008 ‘Roman Sicily Project: Ceramics and Trade. A multidisciplinary approach to the study of material culture assemblages. First overview: the transport amphorae evidence’. Facta. A Journal of Roman material culture studies 2: 145-159.

C. Franco (2008), ‘General overview of transport amphorae in Roman Sicily mentioned in the text’, in D. Malfitana et alii 2008 ‘Roman Sicily Project («rsp»): Ceramics and Trade. A multidisciplinary approach to the study of material culture assemblages. First overview: the transport amphorae evidence’. Facta. A Journal of Roman material culture studies 2: 174-180.

D. Malfitana, C. Franco, A.L. Palazzo, M.G. Morgano (2007): ‘Bibliography of recoveries of roman ceramics in Italy’, in Rei Cretariae Romanae fautores, Communicationes, Acta 39: C Franco (forthcoming), ‘Indagini nell’insediamento rurale di Carabollace (Sciacca). Il contributo dei rinvenimenti anforici, Tesi di Specializzazione in Archeologia Classica, Universita’ degli Studi di Catania (aa.cc. 2006-2007)’. Euarchos 2.

D. Malfitana, C. Franco (forthcoming), ‘Fructuosissima atque opportunissima provincia» (Cic. In Verrem, II, 3, 226). Il sistema Sicilia ed il ruolo economico delle città nella Sicilia romana. Il contributo dell’evidenza ceramica’, British School Monographs series.

D. Malfitana, C. Franco (forthcoming), ‘Archeologia dell’artigianato nella Provincia. Bilancio degli ultimi decenni e nuove prospettive di indagini’, Actas del XI Coloquio Internacional de Arte Romano Provincial, “Roma y las Provincial: Modelo y Difusión”, Merida.

Book section:

C. Franco (2010), ‘La raccolta dei dati sulla Sicilia occidentale e centrale: prime indicazioni’, in D. Malfitana; C. Franco; A. Palazzo; G. Fragala’, ‘Un progetto multidisciplinare per lo studio della cultura materiale della Sicilia romana”. In: F. D''andria, D, Malfitana, N. Masini, G, Scardozzi (eds.), Il dialogo dei Saperi. Metodologie Integrate per i Beni Culturali. Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane, Napoli: 200-210.

C. Franco (2010), ‘La gestione dei dati’, in D. Malfitana; C. Franco; A. Palazzo; G. Fragala’, ‘Un progetto multidisciplinare per lo studio della cultura materiale della Sicilia romana (“Roman Sicily Project: ceramics and trade”. In: F. D''andria, D, Malfitana, N. Masini, G, Scardozzi (eds.), Il dialogo dei Saperi. Metodologie Integrate per i Beni Culturali. Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane, Napoli: 216-230.

V. Caminneci, C. Franco, G. Galioto (2010), ‘L’insediamento tardoantico in contrada Carabollace (Sciacca-AG): primi dati sui rinvenimenti ceramici’. In: S. Santoro, M. Pasquinucci, G. Guiducci, S. Menchelli (eds.) Late Roman Coarse Wares, Cooking Wares and Amphorae in the Mediterranean. Archaeology and Archaeometry. Comparison between Western and Eastern Mediterranean, Oxford: 273-282.

C. Franco (forthcoming), ‘Contesti archeologici, cultura materiale ed economie dal territorio di Priolo e dall''hinterland in età romana e tardoromana. I dati ceramici’. In: D. Malfitana (ed.) Priolo romana, tardo romana e medievale. Ricerche di archeologia classica e post-classica in Sicilia, Catania.

C. Franco (forthcoming), ‘Un bronzetto di Nike dal territorio di Priolo. In: D. Malfitana (ed.) Priolo romana, tardo romana e medievale. Ricerche di archeologia classica e post-classica in Sicilia’, Catania.

 
 

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