The University of Oxford will host an ESF Exploratory Workshop on Craftsmen and Traders in the Roman World organized by dr. Miko Flohr and Prof. Andrew Wilson from July 21-23, 2011 at Wolfson College. This workshop will bring together, for the first time, specialists from all over Europe to discuss the socioeconomic contexts of craftsmen and traders in the Roman World. The interdisciplinary workshop, which, like all ESF exploratory workshops will be closed to the public, will focus on a topic that is currently quickly developing: new theoretical perspectives and methodological approaches are transforming our insight into the social and professional strategies of craftsmen and traders, and are enhancing the significance of everyday work for Roman social and economic history in general. Yet, the field is still rather divided along national and disciplinary lines. This workshop, and follow-up collaborations such as a conference series and reference works, will foster debate across these lines, maximizing the impact of current developments.