Oxford Roman Economy Project University of Oxford
 
 

Stone Quarries Database

Database coordinator: Ben Russell

Showing records 753 - 772 of 792Page 39 of 40
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No.NameCountryRoman ProvinceMaCMaLsCLsSsGrGypTrAlaSchBsPorTfQzCngLvMaterial
753. 
x
Pink-cream marble (rosa Portugues) with cloudy red patches and brown-red veins, similar to varieties of Portasanta; used locally and exported regionally in the Roman Imperial period
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754. 
x
Limestone; used locally from the middle of the 1st century AD
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755. 
x
Marble; used locally in the Roman Imperial period
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756. 
x
Marble; used locally in the Roman Imperial period
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757. 
x
Marble; used locally from the Classical or Hellenistic period
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758. 
x
Limestone; used locally in the Roman Imperial period
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759. 
x
Limestone; used locally in the Roman Imperial period and possibly exported regionally (it certainly was later)
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760. 
x
Purple porphyry (porfido rosso laterizio) with lighter flecks; exported in tiny quantities in the Roman Imperial period
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761. 
Green serpentine (serpentina moschinata) with swirls of dark blue, grey, white and brown veins; exported from Pharaonic period but always in small quantities
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762. 
x
Medium-grained white granite (granito bianco e nero) with angular black inclusions; exported in Roman Imperial period but in small quantities
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763. 
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x
Marble breccia (breccia verde d’Egitto or hecatontalithos) and greywacke (pietra Bekhen or basanites), both dark green with shades of grey-brown, the former sometimes with yellow, red, white inclusions; exported in Roman Imperial period but very rare
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764. 
x
Yellow-white limestone; used at Lepcis Magna from the Punic period
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765. 
x
Four varieties of gabbro, all with shades of grey, green and black but differing in coarseness; exported in the Roman Imperial period in small quantities
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766. 
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Several varities of dark green granite with white or light grey inclusions (grantio verde della sedia di San Pietro or ophytes and granito verde della sedia di San Lorenzo); exported in Roman Imperial period, predominately to Italy
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767. 
x
Limestone; used locally in the Pharaonic, Ptolemaic and Byzantine period and, therefore, probably also in the Roman period
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768. 
x
Fine-grained green-grey granite (granito verde fiorito di bigio) with white inclusions; exported in Roman Imperial period, predominantly to Rome
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769. 
Dark grey serpentine (porfido serpentine nero) with a green shade and white flecks; exported in the Roman Imperial period but very rare
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770. 
x
Limestone; used locally in the Roman Imperial period
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771. 
x
Limestone; used locally in the Roman Imperial period and exported regionally
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772. 
x
Limestone; used locally in the Roman Imperial period
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Abbreviations: Ma = Marble; CMa = Coloured Marble; Ls = Limestone; CLs = Coloured Limestone; Ss = Sandstone; Gr = Granite; Gyp = Gypsum; Tr = Travertine; Ala = Alabaster; Sch = Schist; Bs = Basalt; Por = Porphyry; Tf = Tuff; Qz = Quartzite; Cng = Conglomerate; Lv = Lava;

About the database

The Stone Quarries Database was compiled by Ben Russell as part of his research project on Sculpted Stone and the Roman Economy. The database comes in two forms - an online version that can be queried through the above table view, and a downloadable PDF including a full gazetteer of quarry sites, and some introductory notes.

The database includes all those quarries at which activity in the Roman period is proven or suspected. As such it builds on the ground-breaking studies of A. Dworakowska (especially Quarries in the Roman Provinces (Warsaw: Zaklad Narodowy, 1983)) and those by F. Braemer. It is intended to be used in conjunction with B. Russell, The Economics of the Roman Stone Trade (Oxford: OUP, 2013), Chapter 3 of which focuses on the overall distribution and chronology of the quarries listed in this database.

This database comes with several caveats. First, it is far from a complete record of all quarries in the Roman world. Included are those sites that are mentioned in publications but there must have been hundreds if not thousands of other quarries that have yet to be documented in any way. Second, the sites listed in this database vary considerably in size: some are very large (Marmara Adası and Penteli, for example) while most are quite small; those attempting to draw conclusions about the distribution of quarrying on the basis of this database alone should bear this in mind. Third, for the sake of ease, the materials listed at each site have been simplified, so that ‘marble’ covers a range of lithotypes, some of which are fully metamorphosed marbles proper and others of which are breccias or recrystallized limestones capable of taking a polish which were treated as marbles in the Roman period. Fourth, dating these quarries to specific periods within the Roman era is usually very difficult and so has been largely avoided. Finally, the coordinates given for each site, included in full in the PDF version of the database, are approximate. Descriptions of the location of quarries are often too vague to allow their location to be pinpointed. The coordinates, therefore, are usually accurate to within several kilometres and suitable for general mapping purposes only.

A print version of this database (Version 1.0) can be downloaded in PDF form. This should be cited as follows: Russell, B. J. (2013). Gazetteer of Stone Quarries in the Roman World. Version 1.0. Accessed (date): oxrep.classics.ox.ac.uk/databases/stone_quarries_database/

Webdesign, databasedesign: Miko Flohr, 2010-2017. Content: OXREP, 2005-2017.