Oxford Roman Economy Project University of Oxford
 
 

Indo-Roman Trade Bibliography

19-12-2012

Compiled by Andrew Wilson. Version 1.1, December, 2012

 

General overviews

Warmington, E. H. (1928). The commerce between the Roman empire and India. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Review:

A.G. (1929). 'review of The Commerce between the Roman Empire and India by E. H. Warmington', Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review 18.69: 157-158.

Warmington, E. H. (1974). The commerce between the Roman empire and India, 2nd. edition. London, Curzon Press.

Charlesworth, M. (1951). ‘Roman trade with India: a resurvey’, in P. R. Colman-Norton (ed.), Studies in Roman economic and social history in honour of Allan Chester Johnson. Princeton, N.J., Princeton University Press: 131–143.

Wheeler, R. E. M. (1954). Rome beyond the Imperial Frontiers.

Review:

Cohn, W. (1956). ‘review of Rome beyond the Imperial Frontiers by Mortimer Wheeler; Sculptures from Amaravati in the British Museum by Douglas Barrett’, The Burlington Magazine 98.642: 337–338.

Miller, J. I. (1969) The Spice Trade of the Roman Empire 29 B.C.–A.D. 641. Oxford, Clarendon Press.

Review:

Johnston, L. D. (1971). ‘review of The Spice Trade of the Roman Empire 29 B.C.–A.D. 641 by J. Innes Miller’, The Classical Journal 66.3: 280–281.

Raschke, M. G. (1980). ‘New studies in Roman commerce with the East’, in H. Temporini and W. Haase (eds.), Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt, vol. II.9.2. Berlin, 604–1378.

Singh, A. K. (1988). Indo-Roman Trade: An Archaeological Perspective. South Asia Books.

Begley, V. and De Puma, R. D. (1991). Rome and India: The ancient sea trade. Madison, Wis., University of Wisconsin Press.

Reviews:

Sinopoli, C. M. (1992). 'review of Rome and India: The Ancient Sea Trade by Vimala Begley and Richard Daniel De Puma', The Journal of Asian Studies 51.4: 948-949.

Salles, J. F. (1994). 'review of Rome and India: The Ancient Sea Trade by Vimala Begley, Richard Daniel de Puma', The Journal of Interdisciplinary History 25.1: 103-107.

Barnes, T. D. (1994). 'review of Rome and India: The Ancient Sea Trade by Vimala Begley and R. P. de Puma', Phoenix 48.1: 91-94.

Peacock, D. P. S. (1994). ‘Rome and India’, Journal of Roman Archaeology 7: 457–458.

De Romanis, F. (1996). Cassia, cinnamomo, ossidiana : uomini e merci tra Oceano indiano e Mediterraneo. Roma, "L’Erma" di Bretschneider.

Review:

Desanges, J. (1999). ‘Cassia, cinnamon, obsidian. Men and merchandise between the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea – Italian – De Romanis, F’, Latomus.Revue d’études latines 58.2: 451–453.

De Romanis, F. and Tchernia, A. (eds. 1997; reprint 2005). Crossings. Early Mediterranean Contacts with India. New Delhi, Manohar.

            Reviews:

Lerner, J. D. (1999). ‘Crossings: Early Mediterranean contacts with India – DeRomanis,F, Tchernia,A’, American Journal of Archaeology. The Journal of the Archaeological Institute of America 103.4: 702.

Whittaker, C. R. (2000). ‘Contacts with India [review article]’, Journal of Roman Archaeology 13.2: 691–692.

Young, G. K. (2001). Rome’s Eastern Trade. International Commerce and Imperial Policy 31 BC – AD 305. London and New York, Routledge.

Tomber, R. (2008). Indo-Roman trade: from pots to pepper. London, Gerald Duckworth & Co. Ltd.

Mclaughlin, R. (2010). Rome and the Distant East: Trade Routes to the Ancient Lands of Arabia, India and China. London and New York, Continuum.

Rathbone, D. (2001). ‘The `Muziris’ papyrus (SB XVIII 13167): financing Roman trade with India’, Alexandrian Studies II in Honor of Mostafa el Abbadi, (BSAA). Alexandria, 39–50.

O’Connor, T. (2005). ‘Review article: Ex India, semper aliquid novi?’, Antiquity.A Quarterly Review of Archaeology 79.305: 696–698.

Cultural contact between India and the Mediterranean World

Rodriguez Adrados, F. (1994). ‘Contactos culturales entre la India y Grecia’, Synthesis 1: 7–18.

Stoneman, R. (1994). ‘Romantic Ethnography: Central Asia and India in the Alexander Romance’, The Ancient World 25.1: 93.

Weerakkody, D. P. M. (1997). Taprobanê: ancient Sri Lanka as known to Greeks and Romans (Indicopleustoi). Turnhout, Brepols.

Dognini, C. (1997). ‘Alessandro Magno e la conoscenza dell’Iliade in India’, Aevum.Rassegna di Scienze storiche, linguistiche e filologiche 71.1: 71–77.

Benjamin, R., Jr. (1949). ‘The Hellenistic Tradition in Northwestern India’, The Art Bulletin 31.1: 1–10.

Karttunen, K. (1997). India and the Hellenistic world. Helsinki, Finnish Oriental Society.

Reviews:

Brodersen, K. (1999). ‘India and the Hellenistic world – Karttunen,K’, Journal of Hellenic Studies 119: 215.

De Jong, J. W. (1999). ‘Klaus Karttunen, India and the Hellenistic World’, Indo-Iranian Journal 42.4: 362–367.

Parker, G. (2008). The Making of Roman India (Greek Culture in the Roman World). Cambridge University Press.

Vickers, M. (1994). ‘Nabataea, India, Gaul, and Carthage. Reflections on Hellenistic and Roman gold vessels and red-gloss pottery’, American Journal of Archaeology.The Journal of the Archaeological Institute of America 98.2: 231–248.

Rowland, B. (1958). ‘Gandhara Art in Rome’, Artibus Asiae 21.3/4: 282–284.

Whitehouse, D. (1989). ‘Begram, the Periplus and Gandharan art’, Journal of Roman Archaeology 2: 93.

Bíró, M. T. (1985). ‘The Indian ivory comb from Gorsium’, Acta Antiqua Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 37: 419–430.

Bonacasa, N. (1996). ‘Un rilievo marmoreo con il Trionfo Indiano nella Basilica Giudiziaria di Sabratha’, in L. Bacchielli and M. B. Aravantinos (eds.), Studi Miscellanei 29. Scritti di antichità in memoria di Sandro Stucchi, vol. 2. Roma, «L’Erma» di Bretschneider: 49–60.

Trade and Routes

Schoff, W. H. (1912). ‘A postscript to Indo-Roman relations in the first century’, The Monist 22.4: 637–638.

Filliozat, J. (1949). ‘Les échanges de l’Inde et de l’empire romain aux premiers siècles de l’ère chrétienne’, Revue historique 201.1: 1–29.

Margabandhu, C. (1965). ‘Trade Contacts between Western India and the Graeco-Roman World in the Early Centuries of the Christian Era’, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 8.3: 316–322.

Casson, L. (1980). ‘Rome’s trade with the East: the sea voyage to Africa and India’, Transactions of the American Philological Association 110: 21–36.

Salomon, R. (1991). ‘Epigraphic Remains of Indian Traders in Egypt’, Journal of the American Oriental Society 111.4: 731–736.

Kulke, H. (1993). ‘"A Passage to India": Temples, Merchants and the Ocean’, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 36.2: 154–180.

Mayerson, P. (1993). ‘A Confusion of Indias: Asian India and African India in the Byzantine Sources’, Journal of the American Oriental Society 113.2: 169.

Schwarz, F. F. (1994). ‘Magna India Pliniana. Zur Berichtsweise in der naturalis historia [Spairos. Festschrift Hans Schwabel 2]’, Wiener Studien 108: 439–465.

Seldeslachts, E. (1998). ‘Translated Loans and Loan Translations as Evidence of Graeco-Indian Bilingualism in Antiquity’, L’Antiquité classique 67: 273–299.

Tomber, R. (2000). ‘Indo-Roman trade: the ceramic evidence from Egypt’, Antiquity. A Quarterly Review of Archaeology 74.285: 624–631.

Bellina, B., and Glover, I. (2004). The archaeology of early contact with India and the Mediterranean world, from the fourth century BC to the fourth century AD, in I. Glover & P. Bellwood (ed.) Southeast Asia: from prehistory to history: 68–88. London: Routledge Curzon.

Thapar, R. (2005). ‘Early Mediterranean Contacts with India: An Overview’, in F. De Romanis and A. Tchernia (eds.), Crossings. Early Mediterranean Contacts with India. New Delhi, Manohar: 11–40.

Mazzarino, S. (2005). ‘On the name of the Hipalus (Hippalus) Wind in Pliny’, in F. De Romanis and A. Tchernia (eds.), Crossings. Early Mediterranean Contacts with India. New Delhi, Manohar: 72–79.

Tchernia, A. (2005). ‘Winds and Coins: From the Supposed Discovery of the Monsoon to the Denarii of Tiberius’, in F. De Romanis and A. Tchernia (eds.), Crossings. Early Mediterranean Contacts with India. New Delhi, Manohar: 250–276.

Shcheglov, D. A. (2005). ‘Hipparchus on the Latitude of Southern India’, Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 45.4: 359–380.

Guasti, L. (2003). ‘Le rotte oceaniche per l’India in eta imperiale: tempi e percorsi’, Klio 85.2: 370–383.

Jones, C. P. (2001). ‘Apollonius of Tyana’s Passage to India’, Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies 42.2: 185–200.

De Romanis, F. (2005). ‘Rome and the Notía of India: Relations between Rome and Southern India from 30 BC to the Flavian Period’, in F. De Romanis and A. Tchernia (eds.), Crossings. Early Mediterranean Contacts with India. New Delhi, Manohar: 80–160.

De Romanis, F. (2005). ‘Romanukharattha and Taprobane: Relations between Rome and Sri Lanka in the First Century AD’, in F. De Romanis and A. Tchernia (eds.), Crossings. Early Mediterranean Contacts with India. New Delhi, Manohar: 161–237.

Fitzpatrick, M. P. (2011). ‘Provincializing Rome: The Indian Ocean Trade Network and Roman Imperialism’, Journal of World History 22.1: 27–54.

The Periplus Maris Erythraeae

Reinaud, J. T. (1864). Mémoire sur le Périple de la mer Érythrée et sur la navigation des mers orientales au milieu du troisième siècle de l’ère chrétienne, d’après les témoignages grecs, latins, arabes, persans, indiens et chinois (Mémoires de l’ Academie des inscriptions et belles-lettres, 24). Paris, Academie des inscriptions et belles-lettres. [LINK]

 

Casson, L. (1989). The Periplus Maris Erythraei : text with introduction, translation, and commentary. Princeton, N.J., Princeton University Press.

Review:
Whitehouse, D. (1990). ‘The Periplus Maris Erythraei’, Journal of Roman Archaeology 3: 489–493.

Robin, C. (1997). ‘The Date of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea in the Light of South Arabian Evidence’, in F. De Romanis and A. Tchernia (eds.), Crossings. Early Mediterranean Contacts with India. New Delhi, Manohar: 41–65.

Robin, C. (2005). ‘The Date of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea in the Light of South Arabian Evidence’, in F. De Romanis and A. Tchernia (eds.), Crossings. Early Mediterranean Contacts with India. New Delhi, Manohar: 41–65.

Fussman, G. (2005). ‘The Periplus and the Political History of India’, in F. De Romanis and A. Tchernia (eds.), Crossings. Early Mediterranean Contacts with India. New Delhi, Manohar: 66–71.

Seland, E. H. (2010). Ports and Political Power in the Periplus: Complex Societies and Maritime Trade on the Indian Ocean in the First Century AD (BAR International Series). Oxford, Archaeopress.

Ancient India

Morrison, B. M. (1968). ‘Sources, Methods and Concepts in Early Indian History’, Pacific Affairs 41.1: 71–85.

Smith, V. A. (1903). ‘The Kushan, or Indo-Scythian, Period of Indian History, B.C. 165 to A.D. 320’, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland: 1–64.

Adhya, G. L. (1966). Early Indian economics: studies in the economic life of northern and western India, c. 200 B.C.–300 A.D. Asia Publishing House.

Review:

Sharma, R. S. (1967). ‘Indo-Roman Trade’, Economic and Political Weekly 2.20: 917–918.

Sharma, R. S. and Jha, D. N. (1974). ‘The Economic History of India up to AD 1200: Trends and Prospects’, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 17.1: 48–80.

Ray, H. P. (1988). ‘The Yavana Presence in Ancient India’, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 31.3: 311–325.

Thapar, R. (1994). Interpreting Early India (Oxford India Paperbacks). New Delhi, Oxford University Press.

Champakalakshmi, R. (1999). Trade, Ideology and Urbanization. South India 300 BC to AD 1300 (Oxford India Paperbacks). New Delhi, Oxford University Press.

Sharma, R. S. (2009). Rethinking India’s Past (Oxford India Paperbacks). New Delhi, Oxford University Press.

 

Trade goods in India

Suresh, S. (2004). Symbols of trade: Roman and pseudo-Roman objects found in India. New Delhi, Manohar.

Rao, S. R. (1966). ‘Excavation at Amreli’, Museum bulletin (Museum and Picture Gallery, Baroda (India)) 18

Gorelick, L. and Gwinnett, A. J. (1988). ‘Diamonds from India to Rome and beyond’, American Journal of Archaeology.The Journal of the Archaeological Institute of America 92.4: 547–552.

Turner, P. J. (1989). Roman Coins from India. London, Royal Numismatic Society.

Review:

Sidebotham, S. E. (1992). ‘review of Roman Coins from India by Paula J. Turner’, Gnomon 64.8: 732–734.

Cimino, R. M. (1998). ‘Un Eros in India’, La Parola del Passato: rivista di studi antichi 53.5: 369–387.

MacDowall, D. W. and Jha, A. (2003). Foreign Coins Found in the Indian Subcontinent: 4th International Colloquium, 8th–10th January 1995. Maharashtra, IIRNS Publications.

MacDowall, D. W. (2003). ‘The Indo-Roman Metal Trade’, in D. W. MacDowall and A. Jha (eds.), Foreign coins found in the Indian sub-continent: 4th International Colloquium, 8th–10th January 1995. Maharashtra, IIRNS Publications: 39–44.

Will, E. L. (2004). ‘Mediterranean amphoras in India’, in J. Eiring and J. Lund (eds.), Transport amphorae and trade in the Eastern Mediterranean, (Monographs of the Danish Institute at Athens). Athens, Danish Institute at Athens: 433–440.

Williams, D. F. (2004). ‘The eruption of Vesuvius and its implications for the early Roman amphora trade with India’, in J. Eiring and J. Lund (eds.), Transport amphorae and trade in the Eastern Mediterranean, (Monographs of the Danish Institute at Athens). Athens, Danish Institute at Athens: 441–450.

Tomber, R. (2007). ‘Roman & Sassanian Wine in India’,  Minerva 18.1: 48.

Arikamedu

Wheeler, R. E. M., Ghosh, A., and Deva, K. (1946). ‘Arikamedu: an Indo-Roman trading station on the East coast of India’, Ancient India 2: 17–124.

Begley, V. (1983). ‘Arikamedu Reconsidered’, American Journal of Archaeology 87.4: 461–481.

Begley, V. (1993). ‘New investigations at the port of Arikamedu’, Journal of Roman Archaeology 6: 93–108.

Francis, P., Jr. (1991). ‘Beadmaking at Arikamedu and beyond’, World Archaeology 23.1: 28–43.

Boast, R. (2002). ‘Mortimer Wheeler’s science of order: the tradition of accuracy at Arikamedu’, Antiquity.A Quarterly Review of Archaeology 76.291: 165–170.

Maritime archaeology of the Indian Ocean

Whitehouse, D. and Williamson, A. (1973). ‘Sasanian Maritime Trade’, Iran 11: 29–49.

Ray, H. P. (1996). ‘Seafaring and Maritime Contacts: An Agenda for Historical Analysis’, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 39.4: 422–431.

Ray, H. P. (2006). ‘The Archaeology of Bengal: Trading Networks, Cultural Identities’, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 49.1: 68–95.

Ward, C. (2003). ‘Early Navigation and Trade in the Indian Ocean’, International Journal of Nautical Archaeology and Underwater Exploration 32.1: 124–125.

Parkin, D. and Barnes, R. (2002). Ships and the development of maritime technology in the Indian Ocean, (eds.) edn. London, Routledge Curzon.

Tripati, S. (1999). ‘Marine investigations in the Lakshadweep Islands, India’, Antiquity. A Quarterly Review of Archaeology 73.282: 827–835.

Tripati, S. and Gudigar, P. (2001). ‘Shipwreck archaeology of the Lakshadweep Islands, west coast of India’, International Journal of Nautical Archaeology and Underwater Exploration 30.1: 37–47.

Gaur, A. S., Sundaresh, Tripati, S., Gudigar, P., Vora, K. H., and Bandodker, S. N. (2001). ‘A group of 20 stone anchors from the waters of Dwarka, on the Gujarat Coast, India’, International Journal of Nautical Archaeology and Underwater Exploration 30.1: 95–108.

Tripati, S., Gaur, A. S., Bandodker, S., and Bandodker, S. N. (2001). ‘Exploration for Shipwrecks of Sunchi Reef, Goa, West Coast of India’, World Archaeology 32.3: 355–367.

Tripati, S., Parthiban, G., Vora, K. H., Sundaresh, and Bandodker, S. N. (2003). ‘Lead ingots from a shipwreck off Poompuhar, Tamil Nadu, East Coast of India: evidence for overseas trade and their significance’, International Journal of Nautical Archaeology and Underwater Exploration 32.2: 225–237.

Tripati, S., Manikfan, A., and Mohamed, M. (2005). ‘An Indo-Arabian Type of Stone Anchor from Kannur, Kerala, West Coast of India’, International Journal of Nautical Archaeology and Underwater Exploration 34.1: 131–137.

Vosmer, T. (1999). ‘Indo-Arabian stone anchors in the western Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea’, Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy 10.2: 248–263.

Meyer, J. C. (2007). ‘Roman coins as a source for Roman trading activities in the Indian Ocean’, in E. H. Seland (ed.), The Indian Ocean in the Ancient Period. Definite places, translocal exchange, (BAR International Series 1593). Oxford, Archaeopress: 58–67.

Seland, E. H. (2007). ‘Ports, Ptolemy, Periplus and Poetry – Romans in Tamil South India and on the Bay of Bengal’, in E. H. Seland (ed.), The Indian Ocean in the Ancient Period. Definite places, translocal exchange, (BAR International Series 1593). Oxford, Archaeopress: 68–82.

Arabia

Sidebotham, S. E. (1986). ‘Aelius Gallus and Arabia’,  Latomus.Revue d’études latines 45.3: 590–602.

Bowersock, G. W. (1993). ‘The new Greek inscription from South Yemen’, in J. S. Langdon et al. (eds.), TO ELLENIKON: Studies in Honor of Speros Vryonis, Jr, vol. 1. New Rochelle, N.Y., Aristide D. Caratzas: 3–8.

Davidde, B., Petriaggi, R., and Williams, D. F. (2004). ‘New data on the commercial trade of the harbour of Kanê through the typological and petrographic study of the pottery’, Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 34: 85–100.

Davidde, B. and Petriaggi, R. (2000). ‘Ricerche archeologiche subacquee nel porto di Qâni’’, in A. de Maigret and S. Antonini (eds.), Yemen. Nel paese della regina di Saba. Milano, Skira: 240–243.

Davidde, B. and Petriaggi, R. (2000). ‘Il Mediterraneo e l’Oriente: il commercio del vino e la diffusione delle anfore Dressel 2/4 attraverso il contributo della ricerca subacquea’, in H. Gräfin von Schmettow (ed.), Schutz des Kulturerbes unter Wasser. Veränderungen europäischer Lebenskultur durch Fluß- und Seehandel. Beiträge zum Internationalen Kongreß für Unterwasserarchäologie (IKUWA ‘99). 18.–21. Februar 1999 in Sassnitz auf Rügen, (Beiträge zur Ur- und Frühgeschichte Mecklenburg-Vorpommerns). Lübstorf, Archäologisches Landesmuseum: 171–175.

de Maigret, A. and Antonini, S. (2000). Yemen. Nel paese della regina di Saba: Catalogo della Mostra, Roma, Fondazione Memmo dal 6 aprile al 30 giugno 2000. Milano, Skira.

Mouton, M., Sanlaville, P., and Suire, J. (2006). ‘Le port sudarabique de Qâni’ : palogographie et organisation urbaine’, Comptes rendus des séances de l’Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres 150.2: 777–808.

Robin, C. and Gorea, M. (2002). ‘Les vestiges antiques de la grotte de Hôq (Suqutra, Yémen) (note d’information)’, Comptes rendus des séances de l’Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres 146.2: 409–445.

Sedov, A. V. (1994). ‘Qana’ (Yemen) and the Indian Ocean. The archaeological evidence’, in H. P. Ray and J. F. Salles (eds.), Tradition and Archaeology. Early Maritime Contacts in the Indian Ocean. Proceedings of the International Seminar Techno-Archaeological Perspectives of Seafaring in the Indian Ocean, 4th cent. B.C. – 15th cent. A.D. New Delhi. New Delhi, Manohar: 11–35.

Sedov, A. V. (1997). ‘Sea-trade of the Hadramawt Kingdom from the 1st to the 6th Century A.D’, in A. Avanzini (ed.), Profumi d’Arabia. Atti del Convegno. Roma, «L’Erma» di Bretschneider: 365–383.

Avanzini, A. (ed.) (2008). A port in Arabia between Rome and the Indian Ocean (3rd C. BC–5th C. AD): Khor Rori Report 2. Roma, «L’Erma» di Bretschneider.

Schiettecatte, J. (2008). ‘Ports et commerce maritime dans l’Arabie du Sud préislamique’, Chroniques Yéménites 15: 65–90. http://cy.revues.org/1671

Blagg, T. F. C. (1990). ‘Column Capitals with Elephant-head Volutes at Petra’, Levant 22: 131–137.

Incense trade

De Maigret, Alessandro (2003). ‘La route caravanière de l’encens dans l’Arabie préislamique. Éléments d’information sur son itinéraire et sa chronologie,’ Chroniques Yémenites 11.  http://cy.revues.org/160

Jones, B. (1992). ‘On the Incense Trail – From the Empty Quarter to the Indian Ocean’, Minerva 3.4: 14–17.

Peacock, D. P. S. and Williams, D. (eds.) (2007).  Food for the Gods. New light on the ancient incense trade, Oxford, Oxbow Books.

Red Sea

Ball, J. (1942). Egypt in the Classical Geographers. Cairo, Government Press, Bulâq.

Sayed, A. M. (1978). ‘The Recently Discovered Port on the Red Sea Shore’, The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 64: 69–71.

Sidebotham, S. E. (1986). Roman economic policy in the Erythra Thalassa 30 B.C.–A.D. 217. Leiden, E. J. Brill.

Sidebotham, S. E. (1996). ‘Roman interests in the Red Sea and Indian Ocean’, in J. E. Reade (ed.), The Indian Ocean in Antiquity. London, Kegan Paul International: 290–308.

Sidebotham, S. E. (1986). ‘Ports of the Red Sea and the Arabia-India trade’, Münsterische Beiträge zur antiken Handelsgeschichte 5.2: 16–36.

Sidebotham, S. E. (1989). ‘Ports of the Red Sea and the Arabia-India trade’, in T. Fahd (ed.), L’Arabie préislamique et son environnement historique et culturel. Leiden, E. J. Brill: 195–223.

Blue, L., Cooper, J. P., Thomas, R., and Whitewright, J. (2009). Connected Hinterlands: Proceedings of Red Sea Project IV held at the University of Southampton September 2008, (eds.) edn (BAR International Series). Oxford, British Archaeological Reports.

Nappo, D. (2009). ‘Roman policy in the Red Sea between Anastasius and Justinian’, in L. Blue, J. Cooper, R. I. Thomas and J. Whitewright (eds), Connected Hinterlands. Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on the Peoples of the Red Sea Region. Oxford: BAR International Series: 71–77.

Casson, L. (1993). ‘Ptolemy II and the Hunting of African Elephants’, Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association 123: 247–260.

Cooper, J. P. (2011). ‘No easy option: Nile versus Red Sea in ancient and mediaeval north-south navigation’, in W. V. Harris and K. Iara (eds.), Maritime Technology in the Ancient Economy: Ship-Design and Navigation, (JRA Supplement). Portsmouth, Rhode Island, Journal of Roman Archaeology: 189–210.

Agius, D. A., Cooper, J. P., Trakadas, A., Zazzaro, C. (eds.), (2012). Navigated Spaces, Connected Places: Proceedings of Red Sea Project V held at the University of Exeter, 16–19 September 2010 (BAR International Series 2346). Oxford, Archaeopress.

Blue, L., Hill, J. D., and Thomas, R. (2012). ‘New light on the nature of Indo-Roman trade: Roman period shipwrecks in the northern Red Sea’, in D. A. Agius, J. P. Cooper, A. Trakadas and C. Zazzaro (eds.), Navigated spaces, connected places. Proceedings of Red Sea Project V held at the University of Exeter, 16–19 September 2010, (BAR International Series 2346). Oxford, Archaeopress: 91–100.

Nalesini, O. (2012). ‘Sacred places and beings of the Red Sea littoral societies’, in D. A. Agius, J. P. Cooper, A. Trakadas and C. Zazzaro (eds.), Navigated spaces, connected places. Proceedings of Red Sea Project V held at the University of Exeter, 16–19 September 2010, (BAR International Series 2346). Oxford, Archaeopress: 77–84.

Seland, E. H. (2012). ‘The Liber Pontificalis and Red Sea trade of the early to mid 4th century AD’, in D D. A. Agius, J. P. Cooper, A. Trakadas and C. Zazzaro (eds.), Navigated spaces, connected places. Proceedings of Red Sea Project V held at the University of Exeter, 16–19 September 2010, (BAR International Series 2346). Oxford, Archaeopress: 117–126.

Power, T. (2012). The Red Sea from Byzantium to the Caliphate AD 500–1000. Cairo/New York, The American University in Cairo Press.

Clysma

Bruyère, B. (1966). Fouilles de Clysma-Qolzoum (Suez) 1930–1932 (Fouilles de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale du Caire). Le Caire, Imprimerie de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale.

Mayerson, P. (1996). ‘The Port of Clysma (Suez) in Transition from Roman to Arab Rule’, Journal of Near Eastern Studies 55.2: 119–126.

Mayerson, P. (1996). ‘Egeria and Peter the Deacon on the site of Clysma (Suez)’, Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 33: 61–64.

Iotabe

Mayerson, P. (1992). ‘The Island of Iotabê in the Byzantine Sources: A Reprise’, Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 287: 1–4.

Mayerson, P. (1995). ‘A note on Iotabe and several other islands in the Red Sea’, Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 298: 33–35.

Abu Sha’ar

Sidebotham, S. E. (1994). ‘Preliminary Report on the 1990–1991 Seasons of Fieldwork at ‘Abu Sha’ar (Red Sea Coast)’, Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 31: 133–158.

Mulvin, L. and Sidebotham, S. E. (2004). ‘Roman Game Boards from Abu Sha’ar (Red Sea Coast, Egypt)’, Antiquity.A Quarterly Review of Archaeology 78.301: 602–617.

Leuke Kome

Young, G. K. (1997). ‘The Customs-Collector at the Nabataean Port of Leuke Kome (Periplus Maris Erythraei 19)’, Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 119: 266–268.

Nappo, D. (2010). ‘On the location of Leuke Kome’, Journal of Roman Archaeology 23.1: 335–348.

Myos Hormos

Whitcomb, D. S. and Johnson, J. H. (1979). Quseir al-Qadim 1978: preliminary report (The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago). American Research Center in Egypt.

Meyer, C. (1992). Glass from Quseir al-Qadim and the Indian Ocean trade (Studies in ancient oriental civilization 53). Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago.

Review:

Nicholson, P. T. (1997). ‘Glass from Quseir al-Qadim and the Indian Ocean trade – Meyer, C’, The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 83: 240–242.

Whitcomb, D. (1996). ‘Quseir al-Qadim and the location of Myos Hormos’, Topoi 6.2: 747–772.

Burke, K. S. (2004). ‘Quseir al-Qadim’ Oriental Institute Annual Report 2003–2004: 125–132.            http://oi.uchicago.edu/pdf/03-04_Quseir.pdf

Peacock, D. P. S. (1993). ‘The Site of Myos Hormos: a View from Space’, Journal of Roman Archaeology 6: 226–232.

Peacock, D. P. S. and Blue, L. (2006). Myos Hormos – Quseir al-Qadim: Roman and Islamic Ports on the Red Sea. Oxford, Oxbow Books.

Peacock, D. P. S. and Blue, L. (eds) (2011). Myos Hormos – Quseir al-Qadim Roman and Islamic Ports on the Red Sea. Volume 2: Finds from the excavations 1999–2003. (BAR International Series 2286).  Oxford, Archaeopress.

Cox, A. and Van der Veen, M. (2008). ‘Changing foodways: watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) consumption in Roman and Islamic Quseir al-Qadim, Egypt’, Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 17 (suppl. 1): 181–189.

Van der Veen, M. (2011). Consumption, Trade and Innovation: Exploring the Botanical Remains from the Roman and Islamic Ports at Quseir al-Qadim, Egypt. Frankfurt: Africa Magna Verlag.

Marsa Nakari

Seeger, J. and Sidebotham, S. (2005). ‘Marsa Nakari: An ancient port on the Red Sea’, Egyptian Archaeology: bulletin of the Egypt Exploration Society 26: 18–20.

Berenike

Sidebotham, S. E. and Wendrich, W. Z. (eds) (1995). Berenike 1994. Preliminary Report of the 1994 Excavations at Berenike (Egyptian Red Sea Coast) and the Survey of the Eastern Desert. Leiden, Research School CNWS.

Sidebotham, S. E. and Wendrich, W. Z. (eds) (1996). Berenike 1995. Preliminary Report of the 1995 Excavations at Berenike (Egyptian Red Sea Coast) and the Survey of the Eastern Desert. Leiden, Research School CNWS.

Sidebotham, S. E. and Wendrich, W. Z. (eds) (1998). Berenike 1996. Report of the 1996 excavations at Berenike (Egyptian Red Sea coast) and the Survey of the Eastern Desert, (CNWS Special Series ). Leiden, Research School CNWS, School of Asian, Afrian and Amerindian Studies.

Review:

Maxfield, V. (2000). ‘Berenike on the Red Sea and its hinterland’, Journal of Roman Archaeology  13.2: 698–701.

S. E. Sidebotham and W. Z. Wendrich (eds.) (1999). Berenike 1997. Report of the 1997 excavations at Berenike and the Survey of the Eastern Desert, including excavations at Shenshef, (CNWS Special Series 3). Leiden, Research School CNWS, School of Asian, African and Amerindian Studies

S. E. Sidebotham and W. Z. Wendrich (eds.) (2000). Berenike 1998. Report of the 1998 excavations at Berenike (Egyptian Red Sea coast) and the Survey of the Eastern Desert, (CNWS Special Series 4). Leiden, Research School CNWS, School of Asian, African and Amerindian Studies.

Sidebotham, S. E. and Wendrich, W. Z. (2002). ‘Berenike: A Ptolemaic Roman Port on the Ancient Maritime Spice and Incense Route’, Minerva 13.3: 28–31.

Sidebotham, S. (2002). ‘Late Roman Berenike’, Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 39: 217–240.

Bagnall, R. S., Helms, C., and Verhoogt, A. M. F. W. (2005). Documents from Berenike: Texts from the 1999–2001 seasons (Papyrologica Bruxellensia 33). Brussels, Fondation Égyptologique Reine Élisabeth.

Wendrich, W. Z., Tomber, R. S., Sidebotham, S. E., Harrell, J. A., Cappers, R. T. J., and Bagnall, R. S. (2003). ‘Berenike Crossroads: The Integration of Information’, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 46.1: 46–87.

Sidebotham, S. and Wendrich, W. (1996). ‘Berenike: Roman Egypt’s Maritime Gateway to Arabia and India’, Egyptian Archaeology: bulletin of the Egypt Exploration Society 8: 15–18.

Wild, J. P. and Wild, F. C. (2005). ‘Rome and India: early Indian cotton textiles from Berenike, Red Sea coast of Egypt’, in R. Barnes (ed.), Textiles in Indian Ocean Societies. London and New York, Routledge Curzon: 11–16.

Cappers, R. T. J. (2006). Roman Foodprints at Berenike: Archaeobotanical Evidence of Subsistence and Trade in the Eastern Desert of Egypt.   Los Angeles:  Cotsen Institute of Archaeology, UCLA.

            Review: 

Zuiderhoek, A. (2006). Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2006.10.41 http://bmcr.brynmawr.edu/2006/2006-10-41.html

Sidebotham, S. E. (2011). Berenike and the Ancient Maritime Spice Route. Berkeley, Los Angeles and London, University of California Press.

Farasan Islands

Villeneuve, F. (2004). ‘Une inscription latine sur l’archipel Farasan, Arabie Séoudite, sud de la Mer Rouge’, Comptes rendus des séances de l’Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres: 419–429.

Villeneuve, F., Philipps, C., and Facey, W. (2004). ‘Une inscription latine de l’archipel Farasan (sud de la mer Rouge) et son contexte archéologique et historique’, Arabia 2: 143–190.

Villeneuve,F. (2007). ‘L’armée romaine en mer Rouge et autour de la mer Rouge aux IIème et IIIème siècles apr. J. C.: à propos de deux inscriptions latines découvertes sur l’archipel Farasan’, in A. S. Lewin and P. Pellegrini (eds), The Late Roman Army in the Near East from Diocletian to the Arab Conquest. Proceedings of a colloquium held at Potenza, Acerenza and Matera, Italy (May 2005). (BAR International Series 1717). Oxford, Archeopress: 13–27 .

Bukharin, M. D. (2006). ‘Romans in the Southern Red Sea’, Arabia 3: 135–140.

Villeneuve, F. (2007). ‘Farasan Latin inscriptions and Bukharin’s ideas : no pontifex Herculis ! and other comments’, Arabia 4: 289–296.

Villeneuve, F. (2009). ‘Les îles Farasan et la mer Rouge’. http://www.mae.u-paris10.fr/arscan/Les-iles-Farasan-et-la-mer-Rouge.html

Eastern Desert of Egypt – roads and routes between the Nile and the Red Sea

Sidebotham, S. E., Hense, M., and Nouwens, H. M. (2008). The Red Land. The illustrated archaeology of Egypt’s Eastern Desert. Cairo, The American University in Cairo Press.

Tchernia, A. (2005). ‘The Dromedary of the Peticii and Trade with the East’, in F. De Romanis and A. Tchernia (eds.), Crossings. Early Mediterranean Contacts with India. New Delhi, Manohar: 238–249.

Zitterkopf, R. E. and Sidebotham, S. E. (1989). ‘Stations and towers on the Quseir-Nile road’, The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 75: 155–189.

Sidebotham, S. E., Zitterkopf, R. E., and Riley, J. A. (1991). ‘Survey of the Abu Sha’ar-Nile Road’, American Journal of Archaeology.The Journal of the Archaeological Institute of America 95.4: 571–622.

Sidebotham, S. E. and Zitterkopf, R. E. (1995). ‘Routes Through the Eastern Desert of Egypt’, Expedition.Bulletin of the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania 37.2: 39.

Bagnall, R. S., Manning, J. G., Sidebotham, S. E., and Zitterkopf, R. E. (1996). ‘A Ptolemaic Inscription from Bir ‘Iayyan’, Chronique d’Égypte 71.142: 317–330.

Sidebotham, S. E. (1997). ‘Caravans across the Eastern Desert of Egypt: Recent discoveries on the Berenice-Apollinopolis Magna-Coptos roads’, in A. Avanzini (ed.), Profumi d’Arabia. Atti del Convegno. Roma, «L’Erma» di Bretschneider: 385–393.

Sidebotham, S. E., Zitterkopf, R. E., and Helm, C. C. (1998). ‘Survey of the Via Hadriana: the 1998 Season’, Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt 37: 115.

Sidebotham, S. E. and Zitterkopf, R. E. (2006). ‘Surveying the Via Nova Hadriana: The Emperor Hadrian’s Desert Highway in Egypt’, Minerva 17.3: 34–35.

Sidebotham, S. E. and Zitterkopf, R. E. (1996). ‘Survey of the hinterland’, in S. E. Sidebotham and W. Z. Wendrich (eds.), Berenike 1995. Preliminary Report of the 1995 Excavations at Berenike (Egyptian Red Sea Coast) and the Survey of the Eastern Desert. Leiden, Research School CNWS: 357–409.

Cuvigny, H. (ed.) (2003). La route de Myos Hormos. L’armée romaine dans le désert oriental d’Égypte: Praesidia du désert de Bérénice. Le Caire, Institut français d’archéologie orientale.

Schörle, K. (2011). ‘From Harbour to Desert: An integrated interface on the Red Sea and its impact on the Eastern Egyptian Desert’, Bolletino di Archeologia Online.

http://151.12.58.75/archeologia/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&_ id=32&Itemid=32

Bagnall, R. S., Bülow-Jacobsen, A., and Cuvigny, H. (2001). ‘Security and water on the Eastern Desert roads: the prefect Iulius Ursus and the construction of praesidia under Vespasian’, Journal of Roman Archaeology 14.1: 325–333.

Durand, C. (2012). ‘Crossing the Red Sea: the Nabataeans in the Egyptian Eastern Desert’, in D. A. Agius, J. P. Cooper, A. Trakadas and C. Zazzaro (eds.), Navigated spaces, connected places. Proceedings of Red Sea Project V held at the University of Exeter, 16–19 September 2010, (BAR International Series 2346). Oxford, Archaeopress: 85–90.

Trajan’s Canal

Sijpesteijn, P. J. (1963). ‘Der POTAMOS TRAIANOS’, Aegyptus: rivista italiana di egittologia e di papirologia 43: 70–83.

Aubert, J. J. (2004). ‘Aux origines du canal de Suez? Le canal du Nil à Mer Rouge revisité’, in M. Clavel-Lévèque and E. Hermon (eds.), Espaces intégrés et ressources naturelles dans l’Empire Romain : actes du colloque de l’Université de Laval-Québec, 5–8 mars 2003. Paris, Presses Universitaires de Franche-Comté: 219–252.

De Romanis, F. (2002). ‘Traianos  potamos. Mediterraneo e Mar Rosso da Traiano a Maometto’, in R. Villari (ed.), Controllo degli stretti e insediamenti militari nel Mediterraneo, (Percorsi 28). Roma, Laterza: 21–70.

Cooper, J. P. (2009). ‘Egypt’s Nile-Red Sea canals: Chronology, location, seasonality and function’, in L. Blue et al. (eds.), Connected Hinterlands: Proceedings of Red Sea Project IV held at the University of Southampton September 2008, (BAR International Series). Oxford, British Archaeological Reports: 195–209.

Sheehan, P. (2012). ‘The port of Babylon in Egypt’, in D. A. Agius et al. (eds.), Navigated Spaces, Connected Places: Proceedings of Red Sea Project V held at the University of Exeter, 16–19 September 2010, (BAR International Series 2346). Oxford, Archaeopress: 103–115.

 

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